Huge old governments are less able to innovate and try new things. Small, newer nations can try new things, see if they work, and the rest of the world will follow. It happens all the time.
The United States was founded as a tax haven. The British Empire tried to impose taxes by force, but a small group of colonists thought they could do a better job governing themselves. The United States became a haven for people dissatisfied with everything the old governments did poorly.